News & Media / Assessing progress after the first decade (2014-2023) of Agenda 2063

Assessing progress after the first decade (2014-2023) of Agenda 2063

26 February, 2024

The African Union’s (AU) Agenda 2063 is the continent’s strategic framework for transforming Africa from 2013 to 2063. Agenda 2063 is divided into five 10-year implementation plans. At the 37th African Union (AU) summit, the second 10-year (2024-2033) implementation plan of Agenda 2063 was adopted, also known as the “decade of acceleration.”

The plan outlines seven moonshots of how the continent aims to achieve key priorities, goals and targets over the next ten years. It also identifies flagship projects that will have a great impact, such as the African Continental Free Trade Area, the African Passport, the Grand Inga Dam, the Single African Air Transport Market, the African Virtual University, the Pan-African E-Network, and the African Outer Space Strategy.

The First Ten-Year Implementation Plan (2014-2023)

The First Ten-Year Implementation Plan (FTYIP) covered 2014-2023, with the 20 goals below. 

 AU Agenda 2063 – 20 Goals


Goal 1 -  A High Standard of Living, Quality of Life and Well Being for All Citizens

Goal 11 -  Democratic values, practices, universal principles of human rights, justice and the rule of law entrenched

Goal 2 - Well Educated Citizens and Skills revolution underpinned by Science, Technology and Innovation 

Goal 12 -  Capable institutions and transformative leadership in place 

Goal 3 -  Healthy and well-nourished citizens 

Goal 13 - Peace Security and Stability is preserved

Goal 4 - Transformed Economies

Goal 14 -  A Stable and Peaceful Africa

Goal 5 -  Modern Agriculture for increased productivity and production

Goal 15 -  A Fully functional and operational APSA

Goal 6 -  Blue/ ocean economy for accelerated economic growth

Goal 16 -  African Cultural Renaissance is pre-eminent

Goal 7 -  Environmentally sustainable and climate resilient economies and communities

Goal 17 -  Full Gender Equality in All Spheres of Life

Goal 8 -  United Africa (Federal or Confederate)

Goal 18 -  Engaged and Empowered Youth and Children

Goal 9 - Continental Financial and Monetary Institutions are established and functional


Goal 19 -  Africa as a major partner in global affairs and peaceful co-existence

Goal 10 -  World Class Infrastructure criss-crosses Africa Goal 20 - Africa takes full responsibility for financing her development

According to the 2nd Continental Report on the Implementation of Agenda 2063, published by the African Union Development Agency (AUDA-NEPAD), at the end of the FTYIP, only ten countries have been able to implement 50% or more of the goals: Rwanda (64%), Ethiopia (63%), Senegal (63%), Zimbabwe (61%), Togo (60%), Tunisia (54%), Uganda (54%), Algeria (53%), Kenya (51%) and Mauritius (50%).

On the other end, 11 countries have an implementation rate of 30% or less: Botswana (29%), Burundi (29%), Namibia (28%), Zambia (27%), Lesotho (26%), Equatorial Guinea (22%), Liberia (22%), Sierra Leone (22%), South Africa (22%), Mauritania (11%) and Benin (6%).

Selected African countries: Agenda 2063 implementation progress (2022)

At the goal level, only Goals 3 - Health, 8 – United Africa, 10 – Financial and Monetary Institutions, 13 – Peace and Security and 17 – Gender Equality are assessed as being more than 70% implemented. In opposition to this, only Goals 4 – Transformed Economies, 1 - A High Standard of Living, Quality of Life and Well Being for All Citizens, 12 - Capable Institutions and Transformative Leadership in Place and 18 – Engaged and Empowered Youth and Children are assessed as being less than 35% implemented.

Crucially, Goal 4 – Transformed Economies is assessed as only being 17% implemented, the worst performing goal out of the 20. Within this goal, the AU outlines four priority areas: sustainable and inclusive economic growth, manufacturing and industrialisation and value addition, economic diversification and resilience, as well as hospitality and tourism.

Africa: implementation of FTYIP goals (2022)

Lack of data and statistics hamper the monitoring of Agenda 2063

2023 marked the end of the First Ten-Year Implementation Plan (FTYIP) (2014-2023) of the African Union’s (AU) Agenda 2063. While the Agenda 2063 and the SDGs are relatively well-aligned, even for overlapping goals we see a significant lack of data with only 32% of 68 UNSDG indicators of Goals 6, 7, 9, 11 and 17 covering all countries on the continent. Furthermore, the sources of many data points for African countries are either estimations, global monitoring or modelling – with only 33.5% of data for Africa being produced by the National Statistical System (NSS) from 2006 to 2016. As such, the Second Continental Report on The Implementation of Agenda 2063 identifies NSS strengthening as a priority.

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