The IIAG is an annual statistical assessment of the quality of governance in every African country.

The value of the IIAG

The IIAG provides an annual assessment of the quality of governance in every African country. Originally established with the John F. Kennedy School of Government (Harvard University), presently the IIAG consists of more than 90 indicators built up into 14 sub-categories, four categories and one overall measurement of governance performance.

These indicators include official data, expert assessments and citizen surveys, provided by more than 30 independent global data institutions. This represents the most comprehensive collection of data on African governance.

What is governance?

MIF defines governance as the provision of the political, social and economic goods that a citizen has the right to expect from his or her state, and that a state has the responsibility to deliver to its citizens.

The Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) assesses progress under four main conceptual categories:

Safety & Rule of Law

Participation & Human Rights

Sustainable Economic Opportunity

Human Development

How does the IIAG work?

The IIAG provides a framework for citizens, governments, institutions and the private sector to assess accurately the delivery of public goods and services, and policy outcomes, across the continent and for each of the 54 African countries. The IIAG is both a tool to help determine and debate government performance and a decision-making instrument with which to govern.

The IIAG allows users to benchmark governance performance across various dimensions at national, regional and continental level. For every year and every country, annual results are available from 2000, enabling the analysis of trends over time and space.

All of the underlying data used in the construction of the IIAG are freely available and transparently published alongside a comprehensive methodology.

What is the added value of the IIAG?

  • The diversity of data and sources used in its calculation convey the whole spectrum of governance.
  • Every component of the IIAG is comparable from the year 2000 enabling analysis of national and regional trends over time.
  • All underlying data of the IIAG are freely available and the process of calculating is fully transparent.

Advisory Council

The Advisory Council is a body of academics, policy-makers and private sector representatives, the majority of whom are African, whose specific expertise ensures that the IIAG is the most comprehensive, relevant and robust tool to measure African governance.