COVID-19 in Africa tracker

The Foundation’s COVID-19 in Africa tracker gathers the latest data on COVID-19 cases, deaths, vaccine doses administered so far, as well as the vaccine donation pledges made by G20 members. It is updated every two weeks.

The data on COVID-19 cases and deaths is collected from the COVID-19 Data Repository by the Johns Hopkins University Center for Systems Science and Engineering (JHU CSSE). The data on vaccines is collected from the Bloomberg COVID-19 Vaccine Tracker. The data on vaccine donation pledges is collected from the Duke Global Health Innovation Center’s Launch and Scale Speedometer.

Last updated: 13 January 2022

COVID-19 confirmed cases and reported deaths in Africa (12 January 2022)

Highest number of new cases per 1M population

Seychelles 5762.8
Cabo Verde 1810.1
Botswana 721.6
São Tomé and Príncipe 685.5
Tunisia 262.6

Lowest number of new cases per 1M population

Tanzania 2.6
Chad 2.8
Nigeria 3.0
Niger 3.3
Sierra Leone 3.5

At the continental level, there has been a 0.1% increase in new cases however new deaths have increased by 83% during epidemiological week 1 (3 - 9 January 2022) compared to epidemiological week 52 (27 December 2021 - 2 January 2022).

All regions but Northern Africa (+131%) have seen a decrease in new cases compared to the previous epidemic week. Of the six countries in Northern Africa, two have seen more than 200% increase in new cases with the strongest increase seen in Mauritania (+307%, +6,824 cases).

In absolute numbers, Southern Africa (4.9 million) and Northern Africa (2.8 million) are still the two regions with the most cumulative confirmed cases on the continent, and as Omicron has spread we see the seven-day moving average of new cases per million for Northern Africa (56.0) becoming almost half that of Southern Africa (91.5) which has the most of any region.

The new Omicron variant has put increased pressure on the continent as shown by the increase in new deaths across all regions despite most seeing decreases in the number of new cases.

Botswana, which features in the five African countries with the most new cases per million over a seven-day moving average, is one of only two countries seeing an increase in new cases in Southern Africa.

COVID-19 vaccine doses administered (13 January 2022)

Seychelles (191.1 per 100 people) has the 27th highest number of doses per 100 people globally, yet 41 African countries are still in the bottom 50 with fewer than 21.0 doses per 100 people on average.

In terms of the absolute number of COVID-19 vaccine doses administered, Egypt ranks first in Africa and 26th globally (almost 60 million) however, it only has the 11th highest number of doses administered per 100 people (59.2) on the African continent.

For the 52 African countries with data available, the average currently stands at 39.2 doses per 100 people, and the median at 27.6.

As of 13 January 2022, only 7 countries have reached the 2021 year-end World Health Organization (WHO) target of fully vaccinating 40% of their people, namely: Seychelles (81.5%), Mauritius (72.2%), Morocco (64.9%), Tunisia (51.5%), Cabo Verde (47.4%), Rwanda (44.6%) and Botswana (43.5%). Seychelles and Mauritius are the only ones to have also reached the mid-2022 target of fully vaccinating 70% of their population. To be considered fully vaccinated, one or two doses may be required depending on the brand of vaccine.

Africa: highest number of COVID-19 vaccine doses administered per 100 people

Seychelles 191.1
Mauritius 161.9
Morocco 143.9
Tunisia 118.3
Rwanda 108.4

Africa: lowest number of COVID-19 vaccine doses administered per 100 people

DR Congo 0.3
South Sudan 2.2
Chad 2.3
Madagascar 3.6
Cameroon 4.0

Global vaccine donation pledges made by G20 members (17 December 2021)

Source: MIF based on Duke Global Health Innovation Center

As of 17 December 2021, the total vaccine donation pledges made directly to Africa (individual African countries and African Union) amounts to 457.8 million vaccine doses.

However, this figure does not include the total vaccine donation pledges of which the direct recipient is COVAX, the global vaccine-sharing scheme. This total amounts to 805.0 million vaccine doses, from which the African continent is expected to receive a large chunk.

Of the 45 entities making vaccine donation pledges directly to Africa, 39 of those are non-African countries. Additionally, three donating entities are multinational companies (Alrosa Group, MTN Group and Nordgold) and three African countries have donated vaccine doses to other African countries (Morocco has donated 280,000 vaccine doses to Mauritius, Senegal has donated 10,000 doses to Gambia, and Zimbabwe has donated 20,000 vaccine doses to Namibia).

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