COVID-19 in Africa tracker

The Foundation’s COVID-19 in Africa tracker gathers the latest data on COVID-19 cases, deaths, vaccine doses administered so far, as well as the vaccine donation pledges made by G20 members.

The data on COVID-19 cases and deaths is collected from the COVID-19 Data Repository by the Johns Hopkins University Center for Systems Science and Engineering (JHU CSSE) and Our World in Data (OWID). The data on vaccines is collected from the Bloomberg COVID-19 Vaccine Tracker. The data on vaccine donation pledges is collected from the Duke Global Health Innovation Center’s Launch and Scale Speedometer.

Last updated: 20 May 2022

COVID-19 confirmed cases and reported deaths in Africa (18 May 2022)

Highest number of new cases per 1M population

Seychelles 471.2
South Africa 107.8
Mauritius 105.9
Namibia 61.7
Eswatini 54.7

Lowest number of new cases per 1M population

Angola 0.0
Benin 0.0
Burkina Faso 0.0
Cameroon 0.0
Central African Republic 0.0

10 more African countries have 0.0 new cases per 1M population.

At the continental level, there has been a 16% increase in new cases and a 27% increase in new deaths during epidemiological week 19 (9-15 May 2022) compared to epidemiological week 18 (2-8 May 2022).

All regions but Northern Africa have seen an increase in new cases compared to the previous epidemic week with the strongest change seen in Eastern Africa (198%) followed by Central Africa (90%), Western Africa (42%) and Southern Africa (13%). The Western and Southern regions are the only ones to have seen an increase in new deaths (100%, 38% respectively). The Northern and Eastern regions have seen a decrease in new deaths (-93%, -75% respectively).

Southern Africa has accounted for 93% of the new cases on the continent.

In absolute numbers, Southern Africa (5.5 million) and Northern Africa (3.6 million) are still the two regions with the most cumulative confirmed cases on the continent. Insofar as new cases over a seven-day moving average, Southern Africa (7110.9) has has the highest number on the continent, followed by Eastern Africa (271.4).

Of the five countries with the most new cases per million on a seven-day moving average, all are either in Southern or Eastern Africa.

COVID-19 vaccine doses administered (19 May 2022)

Mauritius (213 per 100 people) has the 41st highest number of doses per 100 people globally, yet 39 African countries are still in the bottom 50 with fewer than 28.3 doses per 100 people on average.

In terms of the absolute number of COVID-19 vaccine doses administered, Egypt ranks first in Africa and 25th globally (more than 82 million) however, it only has the 9th highest number of doses administered per 100 people (82.1) on the African continent.

For the 52 African countries with the data available, the African average currently stands at 51 doses per 100 people, and the median at 35.2.

As of 12 May 2022, 1904.2 million people have received a booster shot in 171 countries. That is 18 times the total number of people who have received a first dose in low-income countries. At the current rate vaccination levels similar to high-income countries may not be reached in low-income countries for another decade.

As of 19 May 2022, only eight countries have reached the 2021 year-end WHO target of fully vaccinating 40% of their people, namely: Seychelles (82.9%), Mauritius (76.0%), Rwanda (66.6), Morocco (65.1%), Botswana (57.1%), Cabo Verde (55.2%), Tunisia (53.5%), Mozambique (44.8%). Seychelles and Mauritius are the only ones to have also reached the mid-2022 target of fully vaccinating 70% of their population.

Africa: highest number of COVID-19 vaccine doses administered per 100 people

Mauritius 213.0
Seychelles 207.3
Rwanda 159.0
Morocco 151.7
Cabo Verde 136.2

Africa: lowest number of COVID-19 vaccine doses administered per 100 people

DR Congo 1.1
South Sudan 5.2
Cameroon 6.9
Madagascar 8.3
Mali 10.1

Global vaccine donation pledges made by G20 members (25 March 2022)

Source: MIF based on Duke Global Health Innovation Center

As of 25 March 2022, the total vaccine donation pledges made directly to Africa (individual African countries and African Union) amounts to 733.8 million vaccine doses. Of those, 668.4 million have been donated via COVAX, the global vaccine-sharing scheme.

Additionally, there are 336.4 million vaccine doses donated to COVAX for which the recipient country continent is unknown.

Of the 51 entities making vaccine donation pledges directly to Africa, 43 of those are non-African countries. Additionally, three donating entities are multinational companies (Alrosa Group, MTN Group and Nordgold) and five African countries have donated vaccine doses to other African countries (Algeria has donated 400,000 vaccine doses to Mali, Morocco has donated 280,000 doses to Mauritius, Senegal has donated 10,000 doses to Gambia, South Africa has donated 50,400 doses to Botswana, and Zimbabwe has donated 20,000 vaccine doses to Namibia).

As vaccination rates remain sub-optimal, the focus globally is gradually switching from COVID-19 vaccine donations to effective distribution of the available doses as well as ensuring rapid access to antiviral treatments.

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